The link between food packaging and consumer protection is of high significance. To safeguard the interests of the consumer and the society at large, Packaging Laws and Regulations have been introduced by the Government like The Standards of Weights and Measures Act, The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 2003,The Fruit Products Order, 1955 ,The Meat Food Products Order, 1973, The Edible Oil Packaging Order, 1998, The Agmark Rules.
There are various packing and labelling requirements for local retail as well as for import and export. Indian law does not permit any wholesale dealer, distributor or importer to sell, distribute or display any commodity in the packaged form that is misbranded and non-compliant with the statutory labelling requirements.
The labelling requirements in India vary in different states, such as certain states require specifying the statutory warning in the local language, etc. Further, there are different labelling requirements for the retails packages and the wholesale packages. Non-compliance of the statutory prescribed requirements and the regulatory registrations / licenses triggers monetary penalty.